LITTER DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES
Exercise all possible precautions during the cleanup process to prevent exposure to infectious materials. Treat all body fluids as potentially hazardous.
Persons with open sores, weeping dermatitis, or poison ivy / oak / sumac must not be directly involved in the cleanup.
Studies have indicated that HIV and Hepatitis B can persist in an infectious stage for up to six days in deceased victims and in stored native tissue for at least fourteen days postmortem. Personnel exposed to contaminated materials must report to medical for appropriate medical evaluation.
Eating, drinking, or smoking is prohibited during cleanup process due to possible ingestion of infectious materials.
Perform this inspection prior to performing any other inspection or maintenance whenever the litter has been contaminated with body fluids. No sign-off is provided for this inspection, however completion should be noted in the remarks section of the Post-Use inspection that follows.
The consumables listed below are the only authorized decontamination / disinfectant materials to be used on the folding litter.
The following procedures are designed to protect personnel responsible for the decontamination of a folding litter suspected to have been contaminated with potentially infectious VIRAL / BACTERIAL materials or residue. This condition is highly possible after a litter is used to transport deceased victims or patients with traumatic injuries in which body fluids are expelled.
Only personnel specifically trained and equipped for decontamination and may perform this maintenance action. Only personnel specifically assigned by their employer, in writing, should perform this procedure.
Biohazardous Waste Bag,
Coveralls, A-A-50358, NSN 8415-00-601-0794
Gloves, Nitrile, WB15155, (Lab Safety Supply 800-356-0722) or (Vallen Safety Supply 713-462-8700)
Goggles, Ind. A-A-1110, NSN 4240-00-050-3776
Paper Towel, P/N UU-T-595
Respirator Mask, P/N 8715, NSN 4240-01-247-2348
Surgical Brush, NSN 7920-00-062-5468
Bleach, A-A-1427C (for machine washing)
Detergent, General Purpose (for machine washing)
Detergent, General Purpose, MIL-D-16791 (Series) Public Places (Microgen Inc.)
Decontamination and Cleaning
Place all potentially contaminated materials in plastic bags clearly labeled "contains infectious materials" and the bag contents. Medical personnel will properly dispose of contaminated materials. Any float or pad covers, restraint straps, blankets, or litter insert that may have been contaminated shall be wrapped in plastic until it can be disinfected.
In the event gloves or other protection gear is torn, cut, or punctured during cleanup, remove the defective gear and scrub with anti-bacterial skin cleanser prior to donning new protective gear.
Step 1: . All personnel associated with the cleanup process shall don goggles, respirator, coveralls, and nitrile gloves.
Step 2: Remove the blankets and litter insert from litter and place in a plastic biohazardous waste bag.
Step 3: Remove all visible blood/body fluids and materials with disposable paper towels, P/N UU-T-595, and place directly in a plastic biohazardous waste bag.
a. Remove foam pads and floats. Place contaminated float(s) or pad(s) in a plastic biohazardous waste bag.
b. If contaminated, remove restraint straps and place in a plastic biohazardous waste bag.
Avoid eye or skin contact with all chemicals used in cleaning. Avoid inhalation and ingestion. Wash thoroughly after handling.
Step 4: Pre-clean areas of gross contamination (body fluids). Scrub the affected area(s) thoroughly utilizing a surgical brush, General Purpose Detergent, MIL-D-16791 (Series), and tap water. Inspect the cleaned area(s) carefully for any remaining visible soiled spots; repeat cleaning process as necessary.
Step 5: Once rinsing is completed, wipe any puddled areas with disposable paper towels. Place soiled paper towels in a plastic biohazardous waste bag.
Disinfectant, public places, is irritating to the eyes. Avoid eye contact. Prolonged skin contact can cause dermatitis, especially on sensitive skin. Wash thoroughly after use.
Step 6: Apply Public Places spray to contaminated, hard, nonporous surfaces of the litter until evenly wet.
a. Allow the equipment to remain undisturbed for 15 minutes.
b. Wipe dry using a disposable paper towel, P/N UU-T-595.
Chlorine bleach, sodium hypochlorite solution, is an eye, skin, digestive, and respiratory irritant. Avoid ingestion, breathing of vapors, and contact with eyes or skin. Use in a well-ventilated area. Wash thoroughly after handling. Do not use with products containing ammonia, as hazardous gases may be released.
Step 7: As required, remove covers from contaminated float(s) and pad(s). Rinse contaminated foam log(s) with a 1:10 solution of Bleach, A-A-1427C, and tap water.
Avoid eye contact with mild soap and laundry detergents (ivory snow, joy, etc.). Can cause irritation, redness. Avoid ingestion or inhalation.
Step 8: As required, machine wash contaminated soft porous components (float cover(s), pad cover(s), blankets, restraint strap(s), and litter insert) in warm water with laundry detergent and one (1) cup of Bleach, A-A- 1427C.
Step 9: After cleaning process is completed, place all protective clothing in a biohazardous waste bag for disposal.
DO NOT try to disinfect the goggles. The biohazardous waste shall be properly disposed of by medical personnel. Under no circumstances shall this waste material be treated as common trash.
Step 11: Record maintenance action by completing appropriate sign-off, adding pertinent remarks.